Career Detail

Medical Scientist
Research human diseases to improve human health.
The Job
They develop treatments and design research tools and techniques that have medical applications. Some try to identify changes in cells or in chromosomes that signal the development of medical problems.
Work Environment
work independently in private industry, university, or government laboratories, exploring new areas of research or expanding on specialized research that they began in graduate school.
College Majors
Ph.D. and a medical degree
Minimum Qualifications
A Ph.D. in a biological science is the minimum education required for most prospective medical scientists, except epidemiologists.
Personality traits helpful for this career
Should be able to work independently or as part of a team and be able to communicate clearly and concisely, both orally and in writing.
Quick Facts
  • Most medical scientists need a Ph.D. in a biological science; some hold a medical degree.
  • Epidemiologists typically need a master's degree in public health or, in some cases, a Ph.D. or medical degree.
  • Competition is expected for most positions; however, those with both a Ph.D. and M.D. are likely to have very good opportunities.
Compensation and Outlook
Median annual wages of medical scientists, except epidemiologists, were $72,590 in May 2008. The middle 50 percent of these workers earned between $51,640 and $101,290. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $39,870, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $134,770.
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  Represents $30K  Each represents salary of $15K

Job Growth Outlook
Hyper growth industry Hyper growth industry
Average growth Average growth
Declining job market Declining job market
No growth No growth
Dead end profession dead end profession

H.S. diploma H.S. diploma
BA Degree BA Degree
Masters Degree Masters Degree
Doctorate,MD,PHD,JD Doctorate,MD,PHD,JD

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